- Followers of the creed preached by Mahavira in the fifth cen-tury BCE. They rejected the authority of Vedas and exclusive claims of Brahmans. In medieval India, the Jains were to be found in large numbers in Gujarat and Rajputana. In these regions, many of the traders belonging to the Baniya caste professed Jainism. Muham-mad bin Tughlaq (1325-1351) is mentioned in Jain texts as show-ing favor to Jain scholars. These texts also praise Alp Khan, 'Ala al-Din Khalji's governor of Gujarat, for permitting the reconstruction of temples destroyed during the Muslim conquest.
Historical dictionary of Medieval India. Iqtidar Alam Khan. 2011.
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